Java is a programming language initially developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems and released in 1995 as a core component of Sun Microsystems' Java platform. The language derives much of its syntax from C and C++, but it has smaller amount of low-level facilities than either of them. Java applications are characteristically compiled to byte code (class file) that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of computer architecture.
Java is a general-purpose, simultaneous, class-based, object-oriented language that is specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is intended to let application developers "write once, run anywhere" (WORA), meaning that code that runs on one platform does not need to be recompiled to run on another. Java is, as of 2012, one of the most popular programming languages in use, particularly for client-server web applications, with a reported 10 million users.read more