If you are interested in web app development, you must be familiar with Ruby on Rails and Django. Both are excellent web frameworks, highly used by web developers.
Do you want to know about Ruby on Rails vs Django? Stay here with us, as today we are going to tell you every important difference between Ruby on Rails and Django.
Before jumping into Ruby on Rails vs Django, let’s see basic overviews of both these technologies.
An Overview of Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails is an open-source web app development framework created by David Heinemeier Hansson and initially released in 2004. The Ruby on Rails framework is written in the Ruby programming language.
Ruby is a general-purpose language that is highly popular in the field of web development. Ruby on Rails is one of the most popular frameworks of the Ruby programming language. Modern web applications are extremely complex, having many layers of structure.
Ruby on Rails makes it easy for web developers to create complex web applications by providing a pre-built structure for development. Here is the list of the top features of Ruby on Rails, which explains why Ruby on Rails is so popular.
- Easy to learn
- Rich libraries
- Open-source (very liberal license)
- Easy to extend.
- Need less coding, so fewer bugs.
- Truly object-oriented
- Helpful community
Cons of Ruby on Rails
- Varying standard and quality of documentation
- Runtime speed is low.
- API creation is tricky
- Lack of flexibility
Skills Required To Become A Ruby on Rails Developer
Here are the list of skills that are required to become a Ruby on Rails developer:
- A command over the syntax of Ruby programming language.
- A good knowledge of Ruby on Rails and libraries like RSpec and Resque.
- Knowledge of object oriented programming
- Knowledge of automated testing and continuous integration
- Should be able to create and handle APIs
- MVC, Mocking, and RESTful API knowledge
- Integration of many data sources and databases into a single system
- Understanding of app design principles
- Able to use code versioning technologies like Mercurial, Git, or SVN
An Overview of Django
Django is a powerful full-stack web development framework. It is written in Python programming language. Django was created in 2003 by Python programmers Adrian Holovaty and Simon Willison and released in 2005.
Django is an open-source, free, high-level framework that follows the MVT architectural pattern. The Django framework stands out for its “batteries included” system approach, which means it comes preloaded with the most commonly used libraries and utilities (or “batteries”) such as Django Admin, HTTP libraries, Middlewares, template engine, etc.
Django allows developers to create database-driven, complex websites easily. Here is the list of various features of Django that explain why Django is so popular.
- High Scalability
- Excellent Documentation
- SEO Optimised
- Thoroughly Tested
- Provides Rapid Development
- Versatile in Nature
- Offers High Security
Cons of Django Framework
- Difficulty in handling multiple requests simultaneously
- Too Monolithic
- Create tightly-coupled web app components
Skills Required To Become A Django Developer
Here are the list of skills that are required to become a Django developer:
- A good understanding of the Django syntax.
- Should know the system programming.
- Knowledge of Graphical Interface Creation
- Rapid Prototyping
- Mathematical and scientific calculations Programming
- Development of Web Scripts
- A good understanding of MySQL for database connectivity.
- Unix / Linux development
- Should be able to create web services using Django.
- Create highly loaded information systems
- Understand how to improve the efficiency of information systems.
Ruby on Rails Vs Django – Detailed List Of Differences
Here are the top differences between Ruby on Rails vs Django:
Django is written in Python, whereas Rails is written in Ruby. Python is one of the most popular and powerful programming languages, with a focus on code simplicity and readability. At the same time, Ruby is known for its features such as flexibility and freedom, as well as its simple syntax.
Python is considered as the simplest programming language to learn and develop applications. Python is used to create many different types of apps in several different domains, such as game development, software development, web development, etc.
On the other hand, Ruby was created with the goal of “enjoying” the process of programming. Though the applications created with either of them would seem and perform essentially identically, the key difference lies behind the surface.
Architecture is important to consider in Ruby on Rails vs Django. The use of MVC (Model-View-Controller) is something that both web development frameworks have in common. However, it is referred to as MVT in Django (Model-View-Template). MVC and MVT are almost similar and comparable with minor differences.
The Model in Django represents the database that explains the data structure, whereas the View is the Regular Expression-based URL Dispatcher that determines what the users should see. Last but not least, Template refers to a web templating system based on the Django Template Language (DLT). Django takes care the controller itself.
In Ruby on Rails, the Model refers to the database’s data, such as photos, comments, and posts. ActiveRecord takes care of everything. The data in the HTML template is covered by the View, which then passes it to the Controller, which is subsequently handled by ActiveView. Now, the ActionController is responsible of connecting Model and View, as well as handling requests and providing results to the web browser.
When it comes to the user interface, both Django and Ruby on Rails are unquestionably the champions. It’s because they’re both designed to provide a high-end user experience.
Every web app development company can use these web-based frameworks to create fully effective and powerful websites with flawless add-ons and plugins.
Popularity is important to consider in Ruby on Rails vs Django. Owing to Python’s enormous popularity, Django is far more popular than rails. Python is one of the most widely used programming languages, and its popularity is increasing at an unprecedented rate.
This also means that there are a plethora of libraries and packages for Python/Django that can be used to easily build functionality.
Speed and Performance
When comparing the performance of Django and Ruby on Rails, it is shown that Rails is 0.7 per cent quicker than Django. It’s because Rails has access to a vast library of useful modules and plugins that help to improve the framework’s speed and, as a result, its performance. At the same time, Django supports rapid development and is an excellent choice to choose a web framework.
The excellent features of the Django REST framework, i.e., JSON serializers/deserializers, authentication modules, etc, provide convenience. So, while looking at Django vs Rails, we can say REST is one of the main advantage of using Django. It is one of Django’s most prominent features.
However, both Ruby on Rails and Django are outperforming the competition in terms of performance, as they both use modern programming languages and provide tools to optimise the code.
It’s not difficult to compare Ruby on Rails and Python Django based on their installation processes. Django’s installation process is quite simple, and it just takes around a minute to complete it.
Whereas, Ruby on rails, cannot be said in the same way. You should first learn about Bundle and Gems, as they are required to install Ruby packages. To install the newest version of the Rails framework, first, install these two gems and then run Command Gem Install Rails.
Creativity and stability both are two parallel things that are required for development. So, in the battle of ruby on rails vs Django, we could consider the one winner who can effectively handle both. Ruby on Rails can juggle both because it allows users to reuse code and reduce dependencies.
It also employs the Convention Over Configuration strategy, which relieves the coders of any further work. Python, on the other hand, takes a more traditional approach, keeping to any tried and true method to handle the challenges at hand, ensuring stability.
We had to include the security factor in our Ruby on rails vs django comparison because it is an essential component of every website or application. This is a feature that Django has inherited from Python. In fact, NASA uses the Django Python framework, which is proof enough of its security.
Django relies on middlewares, whereas Rails relies on active records. Django and Rails both have features to protect your Django app from cross-site scripting (XSS), SQL injection, and other security threats. Therefore, the Django web development framework and the Ruby framework are both solid choices for security.
Ruby on Rails’ syntax is well-known for its flexibility. However, this feature is not usually connected with Ruby on Rails’ benefits. It can cause issues and make it more difficult to pass the project on to other team members because one feature might be accomplished in a variety of methods, leading to misunderstanding.
At the same time, Python believes that there should only be one obvious way to accomplish a task, making the code easier to debug and read.
Despite the fact that the Django web framework inherits scalability from Python, it still trails behind Rails. It has superior scalability due to characteristics like code freedom and flexibility.
They’re both powerful web development frameworks; therefore, they’re both built for scalability, but Ruby on Rails development is the winner in the battle of Ruby on rails vs Django scalability.
Documentation of Frameworks
Both Ruby on Rails and Django are well-documented, making it simple to find the most frequently asked questions and answers. Both documentation’s language is plain, simple, and easy to grasp without putting the reader in a condition of confusion. Therefore, Ruby on Rails vs Django on the factor of documentation is a tie.
The Django web framework includes two notable principles: DRY (which we’ve already studied) and “Explicit is better than Implicit.” This principle enables developers to construct apps that are easy to comprehend and maintain.
Ruby on Rails also uses DRY and Convention over Configuration, which advocates for following conventions rather than inventing your own configurations in order to be productive. This improves the speed and efficiency of the process.
Django was first introduced in 2005 and has steadily risen up the ranks of the greatest web development frameworks since then. Its most current version, published in December 2021, includes a slew of new features and improved functionality.
On the other hand, Ruby on Rails was first released in 2003. Later in 2004, it was officially declared as an open-source framework. It is also updated on a regular basis, with the most recent version being released in February 2022.
Although both the Django framework and the Ruby on Rails framework offer templating as a major component, the Django web framework uses a simple templating language to allow developers to create templates with only basic programming and HTML knowledge.
Rails’ views (individual page templates) appear to be more complex. Therefore, when considering templating in Ruby on Rails vs Django, Django is the clear winner.
The Django web framework is the best choice for you if you want to create complex database-driven websites and online apps in less time while also being efficient in scientific programming, system management, manipulation, and data analytics.
At the same time, Rails helps to develop database-backed web projects by giving programmers more freedom and usability. Ruby’s flexibility makes it an excellent choice for meta programming and writing aesthetically attractive programs.
Community Support and Ecosystem
As Django is an open-source framework, it also has an open-source ecosystem, which means that developers have access to various libraries and tools, both paid and free.
Furthermore, if you require a solution to an issue, the standard Django documentation is more than adequate. Over 11,000 people contribute to the Django community, including over 4,000 ready-to-use packages for developers.
At the same time, Ruby on Rails has a loyal community of about 5k people who have already contributed a large number of Gems with reusable code.
The main web servers for the Django web framework are Apache, Gunicorn, NGINX with WSGI, and Cherokee. At the same time, SQLite, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle are the database servers used by Django.
On the other hand, Apache (with the Phusion Passenger Module), NGINX, and WEBrick are the main servers used by the Ruby on Rails web framework. PostgreSQL and MySQL are two database servers for Rails.
Python is well-known as one of the easiest programming languages to learn among its competitors, making Django’s learning curve short. There are a variety of online and offline resources available to help you address problems.
On the other hand, Ruby on Rails has a steep learning curve due to independent concepts that a developer must master in order to master Rails. As a result, it should only be used by experienced programmers and developers. So, Django is the clear winner of Ruby on Rails vs Django: Learning curve.
Django is a very popular web app development framework that is used by several market giants. Youtube, Instagram, and Spotify are just a few of the well-known firms that have built their websites with Django.
At the same time, Ruby on Rails is also popular for web app development. Shopify, Basecamp, Twitter, and Airbnb are just a few of the companies that use Ruby on Rails. This popular framework can handle thousands of users on a wide scale.
Ruby on Rails Vs Django: Head To Head Comparison
|Parameters||Ruby on Rails||Django|
|Released In||Released in 2004 under an MIT license.||Released in 2005 under a BSD license.|
|Language Used||It is a Ruby-based framework||It is a Python-based framework|
|Used for||Developing database-backed web applications||Database-driven complex websites.|
|Learning||It requires learning several independent concepts and has a steep learning curve.||It is very easy to learn and has good readability of code so the curve is small.|
|Web Servers||WEBrick, Nginx, and Apache.||Ngnix, Apache, and Gunicorn.|
|Principle||It has a principle of convention over configuration.||One of its principles states that explicit is better than implicit.|
|Static Files||Built-in static compilation||Serves static files|
|Community||Comparatively smaller community.||Bigger community.|
|Use Cases||Shopify, Basecamp, Twitter, Airbnb, etc.||Youtube, Instagram, Spotify, etc.|
Job Responsibilities Of Ruby on Rails Developers
Here is the list of most common Job responsibilities of Ruby on Rails developers:
- Design and develop new web applications.
- Write and maintain reliable Ruby code.
- Back-end component development.
- Maintain and troubleshoot the existing web applications.
- Integrating data storage solutions.
- Connect applications with additional web servers.
- Create and maintain APIs.
- Identify and fix code errors.
- Integrate the front end elements created by the front-end development team.
Job Responsibilities Of Django Developers
Here is the list of most common Job responsibilities of Django developers:
- Design and implement Python programming using the Django framework.
- Identify and eliminate code errors.
- Identify and eliminate application bugs.
- Create a wide range of unit tests to ensure web application’s functionality.
- Manage the platform’s security.
- Create detailed documentation for the code.
- Create and maintain APIs.
- Maintain and troubleshoot the existing web applications.
The Bottom Line
Django and Ruby on Rails both are excellent frameworks for web app development. So, it is very difficult to decide Ruby on Rails vs Django- which one is a better choice. We have gone through a very detailed analysis of the differences between Rails and Django. Hopefully, now you have a clear picture of Ruby on rails vs Django in your mind, and you can choose the right framework according to your requirements.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is Django easier than Ruby on Rails?
Yes, Django is easier to learn than Ruby on Rails. Ruby on Rails has a steep learning curve due to independent concepts that a developer must master in order to master Rails. At the same time, Django’s learning curve is short.
Is Ruby better than Django?
Ruby on Rails and Django both are two of the most popular web app development frameworks. They are suitable for different types of tasks of web projects. So, which is better among Ruby and Django, entirely depend upon your requirements.