Python vs Swift! This is a very hot topic among developers. Why? Both offer a great set of features and have acquired a lot of popularity in recent years, so it is obvious that beginners are confused about which is the best technology. Every year, their popularity rises, and they have a particular place among software engineers.
According to the latest studies, Python is the most prevalent language, and it is one of the favourite languages of developers. So, how about Swift? Likewise, it is very popular like Python, and it is the second-fastest-growing programming language after Python.
In this blog, we will tell you about Python vs Swift in detail. After reading this blog, you will get a clear idea of which is the best programming language for you among Python and Swift.
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Before starting our discussion on Swift vs Python, let’s see the basic overview of these languages. So, let’s get started.
What is Swift?
Swift is an open-source and powerful programming language that allows developers to create great apps. Swift is an intuitive and robust programming language for developing apps for iOS.
Apple released it in 2014. Swift is a user-friendly programming language that allows anyone with an idea to create something extraordinary. It uses a modern approach to safety and software design patterns. In 2015, it became open-source, which contributed to its increased popularity.
After that, this language began to grow rapidly, and in 2017, it was ranked among the top eleven programming languages.
Advantages Of Swift
Apple has made every effort to provide developers with a simple and powerful programming language. Swift has a long list of advantages, which are as follows:
Swift has a super easy syntax that makes it simple to read and write this programming language. This language is relatively easy, and developers who are familiar with other programming languages will have no trouble understanding it. This programming language is really beneficial when designing an application for multiple platforms.
The automatic reference counting feature of Swift programming keeps track of and manages the memory utilisation of the apps. It saves the time of developers as they do not need to perform it manually. As a result, they may create apps in a very short period of time.
Swift is a very secure programming language. Security is one of the main power of this programming language. This is due to the fact that it is a statically typed language, which allows programmers to identify and correct bugs prior to compilation.
After the Swift programming language became an open-source technology, Apple took the next step and made it cross-platform. As a result, this is now available on Linux and will soon be available on Windows as well.
Swift became open source at the end of 2015, which boosted its popularity to the point that it is now the most popular language on Github.
What is Python?
Python was first launched in the late 1990s and has since proven to be one of the most popular programming languages of all time. It is an object-oriented, high-level, interpreted programming language with dynamic semantics. Python is combined with dynamic typing and has high-level built-in data structures. It can be used as a scripting or glue language to combine existing elements together.
Thanks to its rich features, it has quickly become one of the most popular and fastest-growing programming languages for iOS apps. Most developers think of Python when they think of popular programming languages for iOS application development.
It helps coders in accelerating workflow and more effectively integrating systems. It was created with code readability and syntax in mind, allowing developers to implement their logic with less coding, resulting in speedier writing and more efficient python interaction with other technologies and third-party suppliers.
Advantages Of Python Programming
Python offers a great set of benefits, which is why more programmers are switching to Python. So, let’s see the detailed list of benefits of Python programming.
Python’s code is simple and easy to read, which is one of the key advantages of learning it. The syntax of Python programming seems like basic English language and is not excessively lengthy.
As a result, it is incredibly simple to read and code for anyone. This language is ideal for beginners who wish to learn a simple programming language. This instructs programmers on how to structure their code so that it may be easily understood by another Python programmer of any ability level.
Python allows everyone to download and modify its source code, making it an “open-source” programming language. This contributed to the formation of a solid community.
Python is an object-oriented and procedural language. The object-oriented paradigm allows multiple encapsulations and inheritances of data and functions into a single object. The procedural paradigm’s support allows code to be reused.
Python is a very portable language. It can be used on a variety of platforms. If you want your project to be supported on another platform, you don’t have to update the code.
Python is a very productive language, and because of its simplicity, developers may concentrate more on solving problems. Programmers do not need to spend any more time learning the behaviour or syntax of the programming language. They can achieve more by performing more things with fewer lines of code.
Python is an embedded and extensible programming language. It can be easily integrated into Java, C++, C, etc.
Huge Number Of Libraries
Python is an old programming language as compared to Swift. It has a large supportive community that has developed thousands of libraries and frameworks. From web development to machine learning, these libraries and frameworks are used for various reasons. Python’s standard library provides programmers with a wide range of possibilities.
Python vs Swift- Which One You Should Choose?
Python and Swift are used for a variety of purposes. Swift is ideal for developing apps for the Apple ecosystem since it is backed by Apple. On the other hand, Python has a wide range of applications, but it is most commonly used for back-end programming.
Another thing to consider in Python vs Swift is their performance. Swift, as the name suggests, is a very fast programming language. Even Apple says that it is 8.4 times faster than the Python language.
The job market and salary trends are also essential to consider for a developer who wants to select a programming language to start with. The average annual pay for a Python developer is around $114K, while a Swift developer earns around $111K.
You should go with the Swift programming language if you want to create mobile apps that run perfectly on Apple’s operating systems.
On the other hand, Python is a good choice if you want to learn a programming language that is highly popular and can be used in several areas such as artificial intelligence, software development, building a back-end, creating a prototype, etc.
Python vs Swift: Table Of Differences
|Definition||Python is a general-purpose object-oriented programming language.||Swift is a powerful, general-purpose, and compiled programming language.|
|Developed By||Guido Van Rossum in 1991.||Apple Inc in 2014.|
|Performance||Slower in comparison to Swift.||Faster in comparison to Python.|
|Integrated Tools||Django, Sentry, Pycharm, CircleCL, Datadog, Flask, etc.||Airbrake, Cocoa Touch(ios), Sonatype Nexus, Imgix etc.|
|Used For||Mainly used for back end development.||Mainly used in the software for the Apple ecosystem.|
|Market Demand||Python developers are in high demand than Swift developers.||Swift developers are in less demand than Python developers.|
|Popular Companies Using Technology||Intel, IBM, NASA, Netflix, Facebook, Spotify, etc.||Uber Technologies Delivery Hero SE, Slack, Lyft, etc.|
Cons Of Swift and Python Programming
Cons are also important to consider in Python vs Swift. So, here are the cons of Swift and Python programming:
Cons Of Python Programming
- Not an ideal choice for mobile app development.
- Memory consumption is high
- Design Restrictions
Cons Of Swift Programming
- Difficult to find developers
- delay in uploading apps
- compatibility issue
- Few native libraries
- Unstable due to the changes introduced in newer versions
You have just completed reading our discussion on Python vs Swift. The bottom line is both Swift and Python are great technologies for software developers. You can select either of them on the basis of your requirements. Hopefully, now you have a clear idea of Python vs Swift and in which aspects they outperform each other.
Frequently Asked Questions
Which is better Swift or Python?
Swift and Python both are very powerful programming languages. Swift is better than Python in terms of speed. Moreover, it is better for developing mobile apps than Python. Also, there is a shortage of swift developers, so it will be easy for you to find a job after learning the Swift programming language.
Is Swift faster than Python?
Yes! Swift is faster than Python programming language. Swift is mainly designed by keeping the performance in mind. Apple claims that Swift is 8.4x faster than Python and about 2.6x faster than Objective-C.