What Are The Causes Of Academic Failure Among Students?

Academics play an important role in the success of the students. According to the researcher, students with higher grades in higher education always have a better opportunity for the profession.

Getting good grades in academics is important not only for getting a good job and high pay scales. It also for understanding the technologies and for increasing knowledge that demands the businesses that students will need in the future. Thus, students with academic success have so many opportunities to choose the carrier.

Failure is the beginning of a large number of mental and affective problems in the human world. Especially when we talk about academics, students are expected to pass a large number of exams; Tests and assignments to prove their ability and learning capabilities.

But, each student cannot score well in academics and there may be many reasons behind their failure.

There are many factors that can lead to the failure of students in high schools. Some of these are internal forces while others are external factors.

A study was conducted to examine the factors that affect the academic failure of students and the causes of academic failure among students were the following reasons:

  • The environment of learning
  • Socioeconomic factors
  • Financial Status
  • Parents’ Education
  • Way of Teaching
  • Academic, Instructional And Motivational Reasons
  • Physiological, Neurological and Cognitive Reasons

There Are Several Causes Of Academic Failure Among Students Were The Following Reasons

Internal Organizational Factors

Internal Organizational Factors Includes Components Such As :-

  • Way Of Teaching
  • Characteristics Of Teacher
  • Evaluation Methodology
  • Educational Writing Support To The Students
  • Providing Online Assignments Instead Of Individuals
  • Library Facility
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A collective effort of the student, teacher, school principal and government is required to realize the desirable quality standards for obtaining a quality education. The school should provide specific facilities and optimum status to facilitate the efforts of various stakeholders.

A teacher plays an important role in students ‘ academic performance. The students expect from the teachers to make all possible efforts to expand their knowledge. They improve their learning techniques by providing relevant knowledge, skills, values, and perspectives to the learner.

The quality of education imparted by teachers is affected due to large classrooms and paperwork. A significant shortage of teaching staff can be a bottleneck in the direction of provision of quality education. They can minimize it by employing more personnel and providing professional development opportunities for teachers.

The quality of education is also influenced by the time when the teacher represents the students. Sometimes, the one-hour period is not enough to cover a subject, so the teacher should opt for the help of an online assignment so that the students can easily remove their doubts.

Different types of methods used for evaluation also have a direct impact on students.

Individual Factors

Individual Factors Include Components Such As :-

  • Having A Goal
  • Inspiration
  • Regularity For Class
  • Adequate Preparation
  • The State Of Mental And Physical Health Of The Student.

Only going to the classroom for attendance or staying in the library from dawn to dusk may not mean that the student has joined a serious study if he fails to concentrate toward studies. Therefore, adequate preparation here should be the amount of concentration body, soul and spirit that exerts in the study hours. In other words, while preparing for the exam, a student needs to put his mind in the study, which is a task of commitment, seriousness, and concentration that how much the student is serious about exams.

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The student must be regular to lecture and should not attend classes solely for the purpose of receiving attendance. The objective of attanding class should be to learn new things. Interactive sessions and academic writing help are quite helpful to understand the different points and ideas.

Study means learning and understanding what should be done with full concentration. Motivation, interest in the field of study and confidence are also some important factors in academic failure. If the student is not having the interest or lacking in the subject they are studying, there is a possibility of poor performance. Planning beforehand is another factor that affects students ‘ academic performance. It means, to prepare a time-table and to cover the syllabus in advance.

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External Organizational Factors

External Organizational Factors Include Components Such As:-

  • The Level Of Parental Education
  • Parental Behavior
  • The Social Status Of The Family
  • Business Prospect

Children from families with low socio-economic status do not have access to the proper study environment in their homes, which ultimately negatively impact their academic achievement. The causes of academic failure among students belonging to lower-class families is the absence of cultural background.

The educational standards of parents and their actions have an impact on the educational outcomes of their children. Studies have proved that the education level of successful students exceeds the education level of parents of unsuccessful students. Parents with higher education provide the most favorable environment for their children to study, which gives them the necessary motivation to move forward for higher education.

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Thus, the education and income of the family is a strong element in determining the achievement of students and till the time the child participates in education, he continues his studies.

Low grades are the result of a poor economic condition of the student. However, if he/she If he adopts a positive behavior and meets his basic needs, it can be avoided, and his school fees are paid promptly by his parents.

The most important task of an education system is to prepare students to get knowledge and skills to enter the community. Therefore, it is very important to identify important factors for their academic achievement and disruption.


More attention to the curriculum, factors related to teachers, improvement in student confidence, and the proper learning environment can prevent the educational failure of students, besides preventing loss of resources. In addition, interactive sessions can be arranged for students to discover their hidden notions about the environment of the students and the deficiencies of the college which are born for mutual development in the college.

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